After a hectic year in which the reading groups of Collegium Musicologicum and Music and Culture Amsterdam were joint and discussed (poly)phonies, as an upbeat to Rokus de Groot's retirement, we took a little rest before starting the MACA reading group again. On February 1, 2013, at 1500h the group is meeting again!
This year the focus will be on musico-logica and hybridity, more specifically how intertwining, transacting cultures speak through musical ideas.
Dates and locations:
Barend Linders and Wim van der Meer
also check out the Music and Culture page of the Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis
Hm, the name seems to have changed to MACAU, Music And Culture @ Amsterdam University
Does this mean our focus has changed? Maybe just a little. It's a hybrid place...
The history of Macau is traced back to the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC). The first recorded inhabitants of the area were people seeking refuge in Macau from invading Mongols during the Southern Song Dynasty. Under the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD), fishermen migrated to Macau from Guangdong and Fujian provinces. Macau did not develop as a major settlement until the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century. In 1513, Jorge Álvares became the first Portuguese to land in China. In 1535, Portuguese traders obtained the rights to anchor ships in Macau's harbours and to carry out trading activities, though not the right to stay onshore. Around 1552–1553, they obtained temporary permission to erect storage sheds onshore, in order to dry out goods drenched by sea water; they soon built rudimentary stone houses around the area now called Nam Van.
By 1564 Portugal commanded western trade with India, Japan, and China. But their pride was shocked by the indifference with which the Chinese treated them. (The senate of Macau once complained to the viceroy of Goa of the contempt with which the Chinese authorities treated them, confessing however that “it was owing more to the Portuguese themselves than to the Chinese”.) In 1631 the Chinese restricted Portuguese commerce in China to the port of Macau. During the 17th century some 5,000 slaves lived in Macau, in addition to 2,000 Portuguese and 20,000 Chinese.
Macau prospered as a port but it was the target of repeated failed attempts by the Dutch to conquer it in the 17th century. On June 24, 1622, the Dutch attacked Macau in the Battle of Macau, in the hope of turning it into a Dutch possession. The Portuguese repulsed their attack and the Dutch never tried to conquer Macau again. The majority of the defenders were Africans slaves, with only a few Portuguese soldiers and priests. Captain Kornelis Reyerszoon was commander of the 800 Dutch strong invasion force.
The Dutch Governor Jan Coen said after the defeat that "The slaves of the Portuguese at Macau served them so well and faithfully, that it was they who defeated and drove away our people there last year", and "Our people saw very few Portuguese" during the battle.
(from wikipedia :-)